Theft may be classified depending on the total value of the stolen item/s. Grand theft is a kind of theft where the total value of the stolen property exceeds $500 — depending on which State the crime was committed. It may be charged as a separate crime from robbery, embezzlement or any other related crime. The following are some of the important facts to consider in Grand theft:
- It is a felony.
It is penalized under our statutes as a felony. Any violation of these statutes shall result serving a sentence and/or pay a fine. It is difficult to expunge felony charges from one’s records and may result in difficulty in finding employment or be accepted in certain applications. However, a felony charge may sometimes be reduced to a misdemeanor charge depending on the circumstances of the case and as determined by the judge.
- It is the act of depriving or withholding from someone their property or properties.
Grand theft is a serious crime committed by a person who deprives another or withholds him of his property with a total value of $500 (depending on the state). It is a physical and direct act of deprivation or withholding of the property. Simply put, it is a crime of theft in a “grand” scale.
- There is intent to permanently or temporarily deprive the offended party or withhold him of his property or properties.
The physical act of deprivation of the property of another person or withhold him of his property must be intentional.
- The offended party did not consent to the taking of his or her property or properties.
The physical taking of the property of the offended party must not have consented. If the other person consented to the taking of his property, or if the alleged offender asked permission and the other person gave his permission, there is no crime.
- The total value of the stolen property or properties must be $500 or above (depending on the state).
It does not matter how many items have been stolen, what matters is the total value of the stolen property, regardless of nature, except when it is covered by another statute. The total amount of the property to commit the crime of grand theft depends on each state.
- It is different from grand theft auto.
Grand theft auto is theft of a car. It is covered by a different statute and is only limited to the theft of a motor vehicle. Under this circumstance, the offender steals any type of motor vehicle regardless of its amount.
- The penalty is dependent upon the total value of the stolen property or properties.
If the total value of the merchandise is less than $500, the offense is a Class A misdemeanor, which carries a penalty sentence of a maximum of nine months. An offense is a Class I felony if the total value of the stolen property exceeds $500 but does not exceed $5,000, which carries with it the penalty sentence of three years and six months. An offense is a Class H felony if the total value of the stolen property exceeds $5,000 but does not exceed $10,000, which carries with it a penalty sentence of up to six years. Finally, shoplifting is a Class G felony if the total value of the stolen property exceeds $10,000, which carries a penalty sentence of up to ten years.
Make sure to hire a bondsman in your area if you find yourself or a loved one in one of the above mentioned situations.